The rapid urbanization of Sri Lanka has brought heavy traffic congestion, serious safety issues and growing urban inequality to the urban societies. Further, the transport sector consumes more than 36% of the country’s total energy, which is directly related to an increase in CO2 emissions. Unreliable, outdated and inefficient public transportation systems make the traffic congestion no better. Average commuting time in Sri Lanka (one way) is approx. 1 hour and 15 mins, as compared to 25 minutes in the developed countries. Every function of the current mobility system of Sri Lanka has become dysfunctional - making the whole system a greater burden for the growth of the economy.
The best way to make it functional, and to have a thriving mobility system, is to introduce and promote smart mobility functions such as LRT systems, eclectic and hydrogen buses, e- bikes, ride-sharing, carpooling, congestion charging zones for private vehicles into our mobility system. Functions such as reliability, availability, connectivity, comfort and public safety will also be considered when designing the national smart mobility plan.